🕷️TICKS 2018

Tick Count 2018: 72

I took two off Hooper, and both had another tick feeding off it. Very weird. Hubby took one off of me Oct. 18th. Dead!

With a warm Nov. day...

Poor Val! "279 and that is our lowest, too, but think the 200 this month was our worst month ever..."

Monthly Tick count 2018

Tick count by year

Ontario Tick Research

The continued rise of Lyme disease in Ontario, Canada: 2017
MP Nelder, S Wijayasri, CB Russell, KO Johnson, A Marchand-Austin, K Cronin, S Johnson, T Badiani, SN Patel, D Sider
Ixodes scapularis tick distribution and infection rates in Ottawa, Ontario, 2017
M Kulkarni, R Kryuchkov, A Statculescu, C Thickstun, A Dibernardo, L Lindsay, B Talbot

First tick
2014 13-Apr
2015 29-Apr
2016 1-Feb
2017 5-Apr
2018 26-Feb

2017 Tick Count: 

Pet Tick Tracker

Val, Oct. 23
264 here now Over 100 more since we chatted bout 2 weeks ago

Ticks are way down this year, 2017.

I've compared tick counts for May, June, and July,  as of July 19th. I think the heat of May slowed them down, they are on the rise in October, however. It's perfect May weather.

The same with a friend in Brooke, along highway #7. This is a good thing! Only 83 this year, compared to 191 last. Val had 435 last year, only 145 this. Pet Tick Tracker (uGuelph)

July 2017 tick count is down

I'm wondering if it was due to the hot/cold temperature fluctuations we had in June?

Poor Daisy is still bearing the brunt.

May, June July counts
Last year (2017), they invented Bravecto for cats and ticks. It works well.

We did get a new product from the vet, which works for cats. This product just came out this spring. It seems to work really well.  

June 10th – took 4 dead ones off Daisy. It's called Bravecto. It doesn't prevent tick bites, but it kills fleas and ticks that have latched on. 

Daisy had 10 in one day!

The government has issued a new framework. 

Lyme Disease in Canada - A Federal Framework

 The Federal Framework on Lyme Disease Act
Footnote1, which received Royal Assent on December 16, 2014, requires the federal government to develop a Federal Framework on Lyme Disease that would include the following three pillars:
  • Surveillance: The establishment of a national medical surveillance program to use data collected by the Public Health Agency of Canada to properly track incidence rates and the associated economic costs of Lyme disease.
  • Education and Awareness: The creation and distribution of standardized educational materials related to Lyme disease, for use by any public health care provider within Canada, designed to increase national awareness about the disease and enhance its prevention, identification, treatment and management.
  • Guidelines and Best Practices: The establishment of guidelines regarding the prevention, identification, treatment and management of Lyme disease, and the sharing of best practices throughout Canada.

Daisy is ahead (65%, vs. Dorah's 29%)!
Daisy sits on the grassy knoll!
 Hubby spotted one on Daisy, he grabbed a piece of tape, the tick burrowed into her fur, hiding from him. He persevered.

At a meeting, we were told that 80% of Murphys Point Park ticks have the Lyme disease bacterium.

Corkscrew Isl., Ontario

Corkscrew Island on Lake of the Woods hotbed for Lyme disease in Canada

“This population [Corkscrew Island is the most northern location in Ontario reported to have an established population of blacklegged ticks] has probably been established longer than 50 years because in comparing the infection rate at Kenora and Long Point, it indicates the established population was there more than 50 years ago,” he added. “It’s just been overlooked and ignored by the health professionals.”

Scott said 94 ticks, were collected in the Kenora area and tested and 41 %, tested positive. Not a large sample population.  Scott studied include the pale beaver tick, the groundhog tick and, of course, the black-legged, or deer tick. He said the small arachnids used in the study were taken from animals including mice, dogs, hares and humans.

Vet says concerns about Lyme disease in dogs 'overblown'

Dr. Ted Morris says preventing tick bites is more useful than vaccinating against Lyme disease

By Muriel Draaisma, CBC News Posted: Jul 11, 2017 11:30 AM ET Last Updated: Jul 11, 2017 2:12 PM ET
Morris said it's important for dog owners to keep in mind that 90 to 95 per cent of dogs that get infected with the Lyme disease bacterium from a tick bite do not get sick because they get rid of it on their own.


Drought ticks off Lyme disease carrier

Incidents of Lyme Disease are down by 40% in southern Ontario (compared to the last 5 years), with the drought. Apparently, the nymphs are vulnerable to lack of moisture. Most Lyme Disease victims are reported during summer when the small nymphs are difficult to detect. Most of the ticks we've harvested have been nymphs.  They don't like extreme heat or sunlight, either. 

@jennjilks we are shocked at the number here We could hit 500 yet Never would have guessed they were that bad 2 neighbours with lyme +Tonka

— Val Baird (@ValBaird1) November 16, 2016

Ottawa Pubic Health
  • 2016: reported 51 cases
  • 2015: 71 cases

Lyme Disease Cases Reported by Public Health Ontario
  • 2015: recorded 919 cases
  • 2010: 143 cases
Kingston, Frontenac and Lennox Addington Public health
  • reported 47 cases this year
  • 71 in 2015.
Leeds, Grenville, Lanark Public Health
  • reported 28 cases in 2016
  • down from 46 in 2015.

2016 Tick Count (Val had 435!)

  • Daisy   =     121
  • Dorah  =     54
  • Me        =      3
  • Annie   =      6
  • Hubby  =      1 
  • Buster  =       1 (RIP)

  • Sept. 26 – Chased a tick on Dorah for an hour. Got it! Piece of cellotape. Done. Two on Daisy. Annie earned only her third tick Oct. 4th. They are adults, now, and easily spotted on white cats!

    Mon., Sept. 26th: a gift. I looked down and there was an adult tick. Daisy had just visited me. I'm sure she brought it in. sigh.

    Thankfully, they've slowed down over the heat of the summer, picked back up in the cool of September. Daisy picked up 5 on September 3rd alone. She sits in the grasses and looks for mice friends.

    Past years

    It's going to be
    another bad tick year!
    They continue to mature and bite here up until first frost, November.

    Up to this point, most of them have been nymphs (8 legs), with a few adults. The larvae have 6 legs. 

    You can see the range in sizes in my photo. TickEncounter.org (U. of Rhode Isl.) offers an excellent ID guide
    I reported my ticks, sent the photo. They don't cover Canada on their maps, however, and didn't add much information. None of our ticks are on longer than a day. We check the cats twice a day. This pain and the itch are significant, and humans cannot miss them.

    Thanks for your TickSpotters report and for sending a picture.
    Yikes - that's quite a tick collection! It appears that you've encountered mostly adult female Blacklegged (deer) ticks. These look like they were attached and feeding for about 1-6 days or so (the two largest ones being the longest fed). It also appears that there are nymphal blacklegged ticks mixed in there (the small grayish ones), and perhaps a few males (the small solid black ones). You might be interested in checking our hyperlink to see how much ticks can change their 
    appearance the longer they're attached and feeding. 
    Depending upon their stage, they vary in size.
     In the northeastern, mid-Atlantic and upper mid-western USA, about 50% of adult female deer ticks (and 15-30% of nymphal deer ticks) are carrying the Lyme disease bacteria. Somewhat less commonly, they also could be carrying the agents that cause babesiosis, anaplasmosis, miyamotoi relapsing fever, and an encephalitis-causing virus (more rarely). Transmission risk from an infected tick increases the longer they are attached and feeding.
    Poor Dorah, scarred and scabbed
    They offer tick testing, but only through US companies. I cannot see it doing much use for us. We can send our off to government agencies. We are simply vigilant in removing them. There are products, like Seresto, offered for cats to prevent ticks, but I cannot see putting a poisonous collar around their necks for 8 months. The cats seldom have a tick on them longer that a day. Most attach within two hours, and I check them twice a day.

    Canada Lyme publishes Lyme Disease Myths

    Canada’s Lyme testing methods are flawed. False negative test results are common, especially in the early stages of Lyme.

    The difference between a larvae, and a nymph and/or adult: Larvae 6 vs. nymph and adult have 8 legs! This is a great video, which shows the life cycle.

    They began, in 2016, in February. 

    1. I can't believe it! Daisy brought it in on February 1st. I found it crawling over my arm after I pet her.
    2. Forest walkies with Daisy, a large adult crawling on her face. April 2nd.
    3. April 14th, as we were at the vet with Buster, I noticed a heavily engorged adult on his neck.
    4. April 20, Daisy and I were walking looking for the owl. I could see it on her face.
    5. Later that night, Daisy was snuggling and I could see a tick nymph, embedded in her lower lip. Another on her face.
    6. I was out doing the lawn, long pants and sweatshirt pulled up to my elbows. Came back in and it was crawling on my arm.
    7. Daisy had a small one embedded in her face.
    8. Daisy had a teeny nymph on the outside of her ear. 
    9. I had one embedded in the back of my knee. Hurt like stink, itched for days.
    10. Dorah has a scar over her eye where she removed a tick.
    11. We took one off Dorah in the back deck.
    12. Daisy had two wandering around, one on her ear, one on her back. 
    13. Annie: on her eye, June 8th
    14. The twins continue to capture ticks, Annie doesn't often venture into the grasses, where the larvae are waiting for hosts. They have, for the most part, been larvae.
    15. June 14th was a big day. Dorah, sitting on the grassy knoll, captured 5 ticks, which I removed with great verbal protestations. I also removed one from hubby's arm
    16. Little beggars got me again! June 27th. I removed it early, before it was engorged. We pluck them off with tweezers, pop them onto a cotton ball soaked in rubbing alcohol. The larger adults are easier to find, the small nymphs are tiny specks. 

    Canadians have begun to fight back against false negative diagnoses, and Chronic Lyme Disease.

    Canadian Lyme Disease FOundation

    There are two other tests used to diagnose Lyme disease: PCR and Antigen

    1. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR): While PCR is highly accurate when the Lyme DNA is detected, this test does produce many false negatives. This is because Lyme bacteria are sparse and may not be in the sample tested.
    2. Antigen tests: Antigen detection tests look for a unique Lyme protein in body fluids (e.g. blood, urine, joint fluid). People who test negative on other indirect tests may test positive on this test.
    “Western blot” is the most accurate antibody test. ELISA tests are not sensitive enough for screening, and miss the infection often. When talking to your doctor, request the Western blot test specifically.

    Chronic Lyme
    Disease Foundation
    Lyme Disease Risk Areas in Ontario. This map illustrates areas that have been reported as a risk potential for Lyme Disease in 2015. These risk areas were determined by a 20 kilometer radius from the the center of a location where a "Black-legged" Tick was found through drag sampling. It is also important to note that black-legged ticks will also feed on and be transported by migratory birds, so there is a low probability of encountering a black-legged tick almost anywhere in Ontario.

    Some families are having to fight for treatment, which is shameful on the part of medical staff.

    Chronic Lyme Disease, triggered by untreated, long-term Lyme Disease, is a big issue here in Canada. This blogger writes about the ignorance of her doctors.

    Credit: Map: CDC. Annotation: Katie Park/NPR

    Ontario parents struggle to get treatment for baby after suspected tick bite;

    2 hospital trips result in antibiotics for infant who developed 3 bull's-eye rashes

    By Muriel Draaisma, CBC News Posted: Jul 05, 2016 7:33 PM ET Last Updated: Jul 05, 2016 9:55 PM ET

    Lyme disease increases in Canada as climate, land use change

    July 6th - still nymphs

    Ticks can now establish thriving populations in areas that used to be too cold for them CBC News Posted: May 17, 2016 2:10 PM ET Last Updated: May 17, 2016 4:40 PM ET

    Ticks are tied to populations of white-tailed deer and rodents. As hunting declines and deer numbers increase in Canada, the large animals act as a greater reservoir for their ticks, Smith said.
    Deer are good at spreading blacklegged ticks but they generally don't carry it far, said Janet Sperling, a PhD candidate in entomology at the University of Alberta and a board member at CanLyme, which advocates for people with the disease.

    Some places, like Prince Edward County,  have given up collecting data, as they know ticks are present!

    No further need for tick study in County

    Officials said sufficient sampling has been done since 2012 confirming the presence of established black-legged tick populations, with a significant percentage with the lyme disease bacteria.
    Ticks everywhere from Jennifer Jilks on Vimeo.

    No comments: